Green Urban Growth - Oshio, Japan - Ioana Urma
town-scale colorful cardboard model, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan

Green Urban Growth

Oshio is a former salt farming town in the Bay of Kobe, Japan. The project proposes sustainable ways of extending the city fabric over the former salt-marshes by floating streets running E-W over a variety of open fields.
This is contextual both to the growth pattern of the old town (E-W streets) and to the Japanese cultural idea of linear public space along the street continuum (as opposed to the square in European urban tradition). It also relates to the proportions of common agricultural green space found in Japanese villages.

Urban Design & Architecture

Oshio, Bay of Kobe, Japan

For

MIT MArch Program

Background

This project draws from an immersive study of Japanese culture and architecture conducted through the MIT-Japan Workshop study trip, which was filled with collaborations and local design projects in the towns, villages, and cities visited:

 

Oginoshima, Tokyo, Kyoto, Kanazawa, Kobe, Himeji, and Oshio.
Ioana also studied Japanese architecture as an undergrad at Cornell.
sketch, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
sketch, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
green rice field center, Oginoshima Village, Takayanagi, Niigata, Japan
Field Size Reference: Oginoshima Village, Niigata
green rice field center, Oginoshima Village, Takayanagi, Niigata, Japan
Field Size Reference: Oginoshima Village, Niigata
Oshio is a former salt farming town in the Bay of Kobe, Japan. The project proposes sustainable ways of extending the city fabric over the former salt-marshes by floating streets running E-W over a variety of open fields.
hand drawn regional design map/site plan, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
photographs and a huge model, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
This is contextual both to the growth pattern of the old town (E-W streets) and to the Japanese cultural idea of linear public space along the street continuum (as opposed to the square in European urban tradition). It also relates to the proportions of common agricultural green space found in Japanese villages.
The buildings - covered in green growth - are oriented N-S in the direction of the cooling summer winds.
wood model of housing units, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
sketch model of housing units,, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
wood model of housing units, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
bridge over canal, Gion, Kyoto
Floating over Water, Kyoto
tight/small street with traditional wood Japanese housing, Gion, Kyoto
Japanese Public Space: Street Rather than Square, Kyoto
wood and painted cardboard model of housing units, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
painted carboard and paper model of residential street, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
The streets bend, heightening perspective interest, and the housing units - hard and heavy on the urban side - disintegrate into the landscape, with modular, open-ended construction possibilities. The ideas of modularity and of layering over time are intrinsic to Japanese architecture.
The buildings - covered in green growth - are oriented N-S in the direction of the cooling summer winds.
hand-drawn and colored site plan, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
wood model of housing units, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
wood and painted cardboard model of housing units, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
middle-aged fisherman working on boat with hung nets, Oshio, Japan
Oshio’s Present Past
4 kindergarten children making faces for the camera, Oshio, Japan
Oshio’s Future
The neighborhood becomes a cohesive community by physically connecting neighbors: on the entrance side, people share welcome courtyards; on the shared utility wall side, neighbors walk out to communal baths which float out in the open green. Communal baths are found throughout Japan, both at hot springs and also at guesthouses and spas.
The streets bend, heightening perspective interest, and the housing units - hard and heavy on the urban side - disintegrate into the landscape, with modular, open-ended construction possibilities. The ideas of modularity and of layering over time are intrinsic to Japanese architecture.
wood model of housing units, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
plan of multiple units along street, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
colored units plan, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
raised exterior walkway next to tree, Rokuo-in temple guesthouse, Kyoto, Japan
Raised Walkways & Vegetation, Rokuo-in Temple Guesthouse, Kyoto
units model at street front, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
painted cardboard model of housing units along street, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
plan of proposed unit in comparison to traditional Kyoto machiya housing unit, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
Unit Based on Proportions of Traditional Kyoto Machiya
The neighborhood becomes a cohesive community by physically connecting neighbors: on the entrance side, people share welcome courtyards; on the shared utility wall side, neighbors walk out to communal baths which float out in the open green. Communal baths are found throughout Japan, both at hot springs and also at guesthouses and spas.
wood housing unit model showing additive construction idea, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
wall of Japanese wood house in Oshio showing how it has been added to over time
Layering over Time in Traditional Japanese Architecture, Oshio
Utagawa Hiroshige woodblock print 53 Stations on the Tokaido: Lake by Hakone
Utagawa Hiroshige, “Lake by Hakone”, 1833-34
Uoya Hokkei woodblock print Famous Places in All the Provinces: The River Sumida in Musashi
Uoya Hokkei, “The River Sumida in Musashi”, 1834-35
painted carboard and paper model of residential street, proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan
Individual gardens act as mergers between building and larger field.
Individual gardens act as mergers between building and larger field.
roofs on top of roofs and intersecting downspouts in Gion, Kyoto
Layering over Time in Traditional Japanese Architecture, Kyoto
Japanese traditional architecture and floating roofs in Gion, Kyoto
Layering & Roof Overhangs in Traditional Japanese Architecture, Kyoto
wood and painted cardboard model of housing units,  proposed urban development over former salt marshes, Oshio, Japan

Work/Credits

Design & Photos of Japan: Ioana Urma. Project advisors: Shun Kanda & Hiroto Kobayashi. Woodblock prints: Utagawa Hiroshige, “53 Stations on the Tokaido: Lake by Hakone”, 1833-34; Uoya Hokkei, “Famous Places in All the Provinces: The River Sumida in Musashi”, 1834-35.