IOANA: People Wearing Science T-shirts in Ghana and the US IOANA: Boat Design T-shirt IOANA: Boat Design T-shirt Detail IOANA: Life in a Fluid / Reynolds Number / Animal Locomotion Poster IOANA: Life in a Fluid / Reynolds Number / Animal Locomotion T-shirt IOANA: MRI T-shirt IOANA: Reynolds Number / Electricity / MRI T-shirts Details IOANA: Electricity T-shirt IOANA: Rube Goldberg Machine T-shirt IOANA: Wind Energy and Rube Goldberg Machine T-shirts Details IOANA: Wind Energy T-shirt #2 IOANA: Wind Energy T-shirt #1 Wind Energy Poster IOANA: Technovation Challenge T-shirt IOANA: Autism T-shirt, Technovation Challenge and Sound Experiment T-shirts Details IOANA: Sound Experiment T-shirt

(kids) science wearables+

These science and engineering educational T-shirts and information graphics, designed for children’s educational non-profits, have been created for the purpose of inspiring (many inner-city) kids into (much needed) careers in science and technology.

The topics so far have been: electricity, the MRI process, Reynold’s number & animal locomotion, wind energy, children-made science projects, technovation (computer programming + business).

The designs are highly conceptual and represent the ideas in a holistic and thorough manner. This requires in-depth research and self-education on the individual subjects, so as to figure out how to best depict the core concepts in a simple and easily comprehensible manner. Some projects have involved critique from science advisors.

The T-shirt explains the big difference between the two most distinctive types of hulls: planing and displacement, with fun examples of each on the front and physics theory on the back. The colors are a bit yellowed for a softer look. (2012)

This T-shirt is based on the poster on Animal Locomotion. They both basically depict a graph (of the Reynolds number) that compares the way in which various living things move, and how their form of locomotion is dependent on their personal experience of the medium (liquid) that they are moving through.

What does that mean? You can see at the bottom, the tiny bacteria (low Reynolds number) spins as it experiences the high viscosity of the fluid (highly sticky) because it is closer in size to the molecules around it and can "feel" their bonds sticking together.

At larger scales (large Reynolds number), the animals move in ways that relate to their experience of the fluid as flowing turbulently. Proving that air and water behave the same way from this perspective, you can see that an albatross and a whale use similar mechanisms to move.

The background tries to explain how the living things experience the medium (liquid) - molecules/more viscous/sticky or turbulent flow/less viscous/less sticky/more larger movements or flows.

The back has Iridescent’s motto which IOANA & Iridescent coined together here for the first time. (2008)

The T-shirt explains the MRI process, which is quite lengthy, though not difficult to understand.

Basically, all atoms have a magnetic field, a N and a S pole (caused by their electric field... electricity and magnetism!). Their alignment is “chaotic” until they are within the field of a larger magnetic field, in which case they will align themselves to that larger field. The diagrams on the front show this in order:
1. As the magnetic field is turned on (in the MRI machine), the atoms in your body align their magnetic fields to it.
2. Then, energy is thrown at them, disturbing them and causing them to move out of alignment with the magnetic field.
3. As they release the energy thrown into them, they realign themselves to the larger magnetic field (fourth drawing on front).

The MRI machine measures the time it takes the atoms to realign themselves to the larger magnetic field. Since different tissues have different numbers of Hydrogen atoms in them, each tissue will have a different response to this.

In order to figure out where in the body the cell that is emitting this information is located, the larger magnetic field created across the body varies three-dimensionally (larger drawing with cubes).

As the data comes in as a composite, a mathematical “formula/method” called the Fourier transform is used to break it down into data parts that can be recognized and associated with particular cells/tissues (lower drawing).

Now you see how the MRI machine is not scary or dangerous! It’s just loud as the magnetic field is created. (2008)

This shirt shows all the ways electricity is produced, linking them in a loop/closed circuit (which is needed for electricity to run).
1. turbine - both ecoogical and traditional polluting methods
2. fuel cell - showing the hydrogen fuel cell
3. battery
4. thermopile - Ioana was particular about including it even though it’s output is small and use limited, because it is interesting that you can create electricity with heat-frost cycles
5. photovoltaic cell

It also shows, at the top, the copper atom and its loose/free-floating outer electron and the fact that electricity running through a wire will create a magnetic field around the wire. (2009)

The T-shirt explains the source of wind energy - something Ioana personally found most interesting or was most curious about - on the front and shows how a wind turbine vs how a windmill works on the back. (2008-2009)

LA: The Ruby Goldberg machine is an illustration invention based on several kids projects combined with materials they had available.

NYC: The kids (these sound instruments with rubber bands. The drawings are a collage of various kids drawings. The font on the back is IOANA’s first designed font. (2011)

The Technovation Challenge is a high school program for girls in which they learn to create a phone app (business) they invent. All the terms on the T-shirt are important to the program and their learning goals: business plan, the fact that it is user centered and the programming aspect. The illustration connects these words symbolically in a circuit diagram. (2011)

The T-shirt features the “autism puzzle,” which is based on the topics covered in the course taught in Iridescent’s family science program (K-8 + parents). The course highlights the yet unresolved / unproven research on the subject. (2011)

NEXT Project >



The “Life in a Fluid” (Reynold’s Number / Animal Locomotion) poster was a semi-finalist in the 2009 National Science Foundation (NSF) International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge

“Process: The Art of Illustrating Science Concepts” Solo Exhibit. November 2010, Iridescent-ONR Engineering Design Studio, Bronx, NY

Iridescent, ONR (Office for Naval Research) & KidWind (wind energy projects only)

Illustrations & Science Research:
Ioana Urma

Science & Engineering Advisors:
Reynold’s Number: Kevin Miklasz & John McArthur; MRI: Harry (Houchun) Hu & Sinchai Tsao; Electricity: John McArthur & Mike Simpson; Boat: Chris B. McKesson (science) & Isak Groskind (boat design)

Photographs With People:
USA: Iridescent; Ghana: Cooper Union